By Erinn Stronkhorst at April 21 2019 12:31:58
What is a business plan? A business plan sets out the method for running a specific activity over a specific future period. Why are business plans needed? Business plans are needed essentially for the four following reasons: 1. A formal, explicit document of the planning process; 2. A request for finances; 3. A framework for approval; 4. A tool for operational business management.
So how would you go about making a plan like this? Well if you know a fair amount about business, you can. It will take some special calculations and some work but if you know how to put together a Profit & Loss Statement, you can probably do it. You would first do a P&L for the present year for your existing business and the first year and as many years after as you would like to have your plan cover. Your existing business financials will be the foundation for building yourself a business plan for as many years out as you want. This data will tell you a number of things but first if you want to build your plan around what you want in life, you would need to decide some things about your life: 1. You would need to decide how much income you would like to have for yourself for each of the years you plan for. 2. You would need to determine what kind of profit margin you would want from your business for each of the years. 3. And by combining these 2 things into a P&L format you can develop a financial business plan that can extend as for into the future as you would like. 4. The first thing it will show you is how much sales you would need each year to give you the income and profit you would like. Once you see the sales needed, if you know your business well enough, you should be able to estimate those additional expenses needed to overcome capacity constraints that will occur as your business grows.
A plan should include but is not limited to the following: 1. A statement of your business purpose 2. A description of your company 3. The goals of your company 4. The structure of the company (sole_proprietorship, partnership or corporation) 5. The product or service that you are selling 6. A market analysis of your product or service 7. Resources spent (time and money) 8. A financial plan to include financial statements 9. Information about the managing principals in the company 10. How you plan to manage and operate the company
3. Labor and material costs are also directly proportionate to sales. These are things that go directly into the making of the product or into doing the service. a. Labor cost is the actual direct labor used in the making of product or doing the service. The cost would also include all the fringe benefits like social security, payroll taxes, vacation pay, holidays, sick pay days, etc. b. Material costs are all the materials used in the making of product or in doing the service. In the lawn mower service as an example it would be the gasoline used in the mower and any other materials used directly in that service. For producing a product it would be all the materials used in the product that is sent to the customer including all the packaging materials.